Entries by Stephen McNally


Functional Electrical Stimulation

What is Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES)? Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) is the application of electrical current to excitable tissue to improve or restore functions lost in neurologically compromised subjects” (Peng et al., 2010). Electrical stimulation is focused in certain skin surface areas of the body such as the calves and thigh to activate paralysed or weakened muscles using […]


Exoskeleton & Stroke Rehabilitation

Stroke is the leading cause of serious long-term disability with many survivors sustaining functional limitations in activities of daily living as a result of stroke. Many stroke survivors have long-term walking impairment due to hemiplegia or hemiparesis. Impaired ambulation due to hemiplegia or hemiparesis is associated with increased fall risk, limited community participation, and an […]

Add Days to Your Life AND Life to Your Days

Life expectancy is at its all-time high, the fact that so many people are living longer, well into their 80s and 90s is a wonderful ideal. However, the sad reality is that living longer doesn’t always include a good quality of life, it’s not a package deal. Many people outlive their children and their pensions, […]


Prevent Disease and Stay Healthy

The benefits of physical activity for healthy people include: Improved mood and mental health: Physical activity changes hormones in the brain and increases a release of endorphins (the happy hormones) and reduces cortisol levels (stress hormones). In addition, physical activity has been proven to reduce the risk of developing depression and been helpful in managing […]

Foods that may cause inflammation

Many recent studies have shown that constituents of some foods or drinks  may have anti-inflammatory effects. By choosing the right anti-inflammatory foods, and you may be able to reduce your risk of illness. Consistently pick the wrong ones, and you could accelerate the inflammatory disease process. Foods that may cause inflammation include the following;   […]

Prolonged Bed Rest with Injury or Disease – why this is not a good idea!

There are many reasons why prolonged bed rest and reduction in physical activity are not always the best options in managing already poor health; these include reductions in musculoskeletal performance, cardiovascular efficiency, pulmonary function, neuromuscular function, and psychological well-being. Furthermore, reductions in physical activity causes muscle wasting, changes in muscle properties, and reductions in bone […]

Exoskeletons Role in Physical Rehabilitation

Originally designed for heavy lifting in factories, the role of exoskeletons has increased in healthcare in recent years more specifically neuro physiotherapy rehabilitation. A robotic exoskeleton suit is made functional by a combination of motors, actuators, and electromechanical and hydraulic systems, all powered by an on-board battery and a computer system designed to mimic the […]